Bridging
the gap

MethaneSAT will find and measure methane emissions with unparalleled precision - including emissions that other satellites simply can't see.

Global Mapping

MethaneSAT will be able to estimate emissions from entire basins.

Area mapping

It will quantify regional-scale methane emissions from oil and gas operations worldwide down to areas of ~1 km2, detecting methane from thousands of small, diffuse sources.

Local mapping

It will identify and quantify emissions from large, intermittent sources over 500 kg/hr.

Analysis

MethaneSAT will process observed spectrographic data to calculate quantitative emission rates, revealing how much methane is emitted and how it varies across the landscape.

MethaneSAT analytics are developed with much lower latency than for other satellites. Our groundbreaking analytics will track emissions based on winds and atmospheric conditions, determining location and volume from individual point sources, as well as cumulative emissions across larger areas. Stakeholders and the public will be able to access the results freely, in a timely manner.

Action

MethaneSAT is specifically designed to catalyze methane reductions by creating unprecedented transparency.

Our data platform will be accessible free of charge. The cloud-based data platform means fast turnaround, providing key insights in an actionable timeframe. That means anyone - regulators, investors, buyers and the public – will now be able to see and compare emissions results by company, country or production basin.

Officials and operators around the world will be able to find and fix problems faster, while stakeholders can see and compare progress against goals, commitments, and legal obligations.

Capability Specification
Create high-resolution emissions heatmap of area sources (or spatially distributed emissions) Heatmaps of 1 km2 areas across targets that are 200 km x 200 km, with a native pixel size of 100m x 400m
Quantify total regional emissions Emissions from individual oil/gas fields/basins accounting for more than 80% of global oil and gas production
Automate computations used to measure emission rates, cutting a process that can take months down to days Actionable emission rate data will be accessible in a few days
Broad area coverage Orbit Earth in 95 minutes, with a swath width of 200 km
Point source attribution Trace larger single emission events over 500 kg/hr back to their point source
Quantify methane concentrations with high precision Detect excess methane at 3 ppb (highest precision compared to other satellites in orbit)
Transparency Free public data access
MethaneSATTM
TWO PASSIVE INFRARED LITTROW SPECTROMETERS
Wavelengths
Wavelengths 1249 – 1305 nm 1598 – 1683 nm
Target species
Target species O2 CH4 / CO2
Spectral resolution / sampling
Spectral resolution / sampling 0.20 nm / 0.06 nm 0.25 nm / 0.08 nm
Signal to noise ratio
Signal to noise ratio 190 190
Detector
Detector HgCdTe 2k x 2k HgCdTe 2k x 2k
Payload / Observatory mass
Payload / Observatory mass 183 kg / 362 kg 183 kg / 362 kg
Orbit altitude
Orbit altitude 525 km 525 km
Field of view / swath width
Field of view / swath width 21 deg / 200 km 21 deg / 200 km
Ground sampling distance
Ground sampling distance 100 m across track X 400 m along track 100 m across track X 400 m along track

How we're different

Some satellites can track methane on a global scale but can't detect emissions from countless smaller sources responsible for much of the total. Others provide excellent data from known sites with larger emissions but can’t see beyond small areas.

With high precision and a wide view path, MethaneSAT will track emission rates and locations and show how those emissions are changing over time - making it easier to track performance and prioritize solutions.

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